Inter-War Years

History of the Inter-War Years

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Perspective


The history of the Inter-War Years is relatively brief, but it accounted for many significant social, political, and economic changes throughout the world. The postwar recovery led to the Roaring Twenties, a time of breaking social and economic barriers. Automobiles, electric lighting, radio combined to spread the high energy of the age. But this was followed by the Great Depression, a desperate time for the world’s people and their economy.

This period from 1918 through 1939 saw the rise of communism in Russia they ended with the rise of the Nazis in Germany and the fascists in Italy. China was embroiled in the Chinese Civil War between the Nationalists and the Communists. The empires of Britain, France and were challenged by independence movements that arose in many colonies.

The Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, and German Empires were dismantled, with the Ottoman and German colonies redistributed among the Allies, mostly Britain and France. The western parts of the Russian Empire, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland became independent nations in their own right, and Bessarabia chose to reunify with Romania.

The Russian communists managed to regain control of the other East Slavic states, Central Asia and the Caucasus, forming the Soviet Union. Ireland was partitioned between the independent Irish Free State and the British-controlled Northern Ireland after the Irish Civil War. This conflict pitted the Free State against “anti-treaty” Irish republicans, who opposed partition. And in the Middle East, Egypt and Iraq gained independence.

During the Great Depression, countries in Latin America nationalized many foreign companies, mostly American, in a bid to strengthen their own economies. The territorial aggression of the Soviets, Japanese, Italians, and Germans led to the expansion of their domains.

The era ended in September 1939, the beginning of World War II.

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Index

1919-1939 Index | Society: Great Depression in Europe | Culture: ArchitectureArtLiteratureMusicPhilosophyPopular CultureScience and Technology | Power: Progression | Economy | Eastern Europe | England: SocietyPower | FrancePower | Germany: Weimar RepublicNazis: Hitler: Vienna | Rise of the NazisElections of 1933Reorganization | Italy: PowerFascism: Mussolini: BackgroundRiseAllianceChaos | Portugal | Scandinavia | Soviet Union: PowerEconomy | Spain: Power | United States




Inter-War Years

Inter-War Years 1919-1939: Index

history of the Inter-War Years | society

Society


Great Depression in Europe

Great Depression in Europe

history of the Inter-War Years | culture

Culture

history of the Inter-War Years | architecture

Culture: Architecture

history of the Inter-War Years | art

Culture: Art

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history of the Inter-War Years | literature

Culture: Literature

history of the Inter-War Years | music

Culture: Music

history of the Inter-War Years | philosophy

Culture: Philosophy

history of the Inter-War Years | popular culture

Culture: Popular Culture

history of the Inter-War Years | science and technology

Culture: Science and Technology

history of the Inter-War Years | power

Power

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history of the Inter-War Years | power | background

Power: Background

history of the Inter-War Years | ideology

Power: Ideology

history of the Inter-War Years | progression of power

Power: Progression

history of the Inter-War Years | economy

Economy

Eastern Europe during the Inter-War Years

Eastern Europe

England during the Inter-War Years

England

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history of the Inter-War Years | England | society

England: Society

history of the Inter-War Years | England | power

England: Power

France during the Inter-War Years

France

history of the Inter-War Years | France | power

France: Power

Germany during the Inter-War Years

Germany

Weimar Republic

Germany: Weimar Republic

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history of the Inter-War Years  | Germany | Nazis

Germany: Nazis

Hitler

Nazis: Hitler

Hitler in Vienna

Hitler: Vienna

rise of the Nazis

Nazis: Rise

Nazis | Elections of 1933

Nazis: Elections of 1933

Nazis | reorganization

Nazis: Reorganization

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Italy during the Inter-War Years

Italy: Power

Fascism

Power: Fascism

Mussolini

Fascism: Mussolini

Mussolini | background

Mussolini: Background

history of the Inter-War Years | Italy Fascism | Mussolini | rise

Mussolini: Rise

history of the Inter-War Years | Italy | Fascism | Mussolini | alliance

Mussolini: Alliance

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history of the Inter-War Years | Italy | Fascism | Mussolini | chaos

Mussolini: Chaos

history of the Inter-War Years | Portugal

Portugal

history of the Inter-War Years | Scandinavia

Scandinavia

history of the Inter-War Years | Soviet Union

Soviet Union

history of the Inter-War Years | Soviet Union | power

Soviet Union: Power

history of the Inter-War Years | Soviet Union | economy

Soviet Union: Economy

history of the Inter-War Years | Spain

Spain

history of the Inter-War Years | Spain | power

Spain: Power

history of the Inter-War Years | United States

United States

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Samples

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