17th-Century West


History of the 17th-Century West


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Perspective


The history of the 17th-century West is part of the Early Modern period of Europe, whose impact on the world was increasing. It was characterized by the culture of the Baroque, the Spanish Golden Age, and the Dutch Golden Age. France’s Grand Siècle was dominated by Louis XIV, as the Scientific Revolution was by Sir Isaac Newton. The global spirit of the age was seen in the Dutch East India Company, which became the world’s first global corporation from its lucrative role in the Dutch takeover of Portugal’s Spice Empire. However, the 17th Century was always in crisis from war: the Thirty Years’ War that killed nearly a third of Europe; the Great Turkish War; the Mughal–Safavid Wars; and the Anglo-Mughal Indian War. With the discovery of the Americas by Colombus, European colonization of the Americas hastened. But Spain’s massive exploitation of the silver deposits of the New World brought inflation and decay to the Spanish court.

The monarchy of France’s Sun King Louis XIV grew stronger as the semi-feudal French nobility weakened and was subjugated to the power of the absolute monarchy. Louis XIV converted the Palace of Versailles from a hunting lodge to a gilded prison, in which the intrigues of the bloated royal court could be observed and manipulated. Then, with domestic peace thus assured, Louis XIV embarked on a campaign to expand the borders of France. In England, the monarch became a figurehead who answered to Parliament, unlike most of European government, especially France. As technology dawned, Europeans became fascinated with logarithms, electricity, the telescope and microscope, calculus, universal gravitation, Newton’s Laws of Motion, and measuring and calculating machines. All of this was due to the Scientific Revolution and its galaxy of talent that included Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, René Descartes, Pierre Fermat, Blaise Pascal, Robert Boyle, Christiaan Huygens, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke, Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Along with science, the culture of the 17th century flourished in theater, music, visual arts and philosophy.


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Index

​Pre-Modern West Index | 17th Century Index | Society: CrisesPopulationRevoltWitchcraft | Culture: Architecture: Baroque | Art: BaroqueMannerismRococo | Literature: Novels | Music | Power: ProgressionThirty Years’ War: Bohemian PhaseDanish PhaseSwedish PhaseFranco-Swedish Phase | Economy: BankingCommerceTrade | Austria: Power | Central Europe: Power | England: CulturePower: Governance | English Civil War: Charles ILong Parliament | Glorious Revolution: Revolutionary SettlementResponses | France: Culture: ArtDrama | Power: ProgressionGovernanceEconomy | Iberia: CulturePower | Italy | Netherlands: CulturePower: GovernanceUnited Provinces of the NetherlandsEconomy | Poland: Power | Prussia: Power | Russia: SocietyPower | Scandinavia: Power



history of the Pre-Modern West

Pre-Modern West: Index

digital history of the 17th-Century West

17th-Century West: Index


history of the 17th-Century West | society

Society

history of the 17th-Century West | population

Population

history of the 17th-Century West | crises

Crises

history of the 17th-Century West | revolt

Revolt

history of the 17th-Century West | witchcraft

Witchcraft

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history of the 17th Century West | culture

Culture

history of the 17th Century West | architecture

Architecture

architecture | Baroque

Architecture: Baroque

history of the 17th Century West | art

Art

art | Baroque

Art of the Baroque

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art | Mannerism

Art: Mannerism

art | Rococo

Art: Rococo

history of the 17th-Century West | literature

Literature

history of the 17th-Century West| literature | novels

Literature: Novels

history of the 17th Century West | music

Music

history of the/ 17th Century West | power

Power

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history of the 17th-Century West | |progression of power

Power: Progression

Thirty Years' War

Thirty Years’ War

Thirty Years' War | Bohemian Phase

Thirty Years’ War: Bohemian Phase

Thirty Years' War | Danish Phase

Thirty Years’ War: Danish Phase

Thirty Years' War | Swedish Phase

Thirty Years’ War: Swedish Phase

Thirty Years' War | Franco-Swedish Phase

Thirty Years’ War: Franco-Swedish Phase

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history of the 17th-Century West | economy

Economy

history of the 17th-Century West | banking

Economy: Banking

history of the 17th-Century West | commerce

Economy: Commerce

history of the 17th-Century West | trade

Economy: Trade

history of the 17th-Century West | Austria

Austria

history of the 17th-Century West | Austria | power

Austria: Power

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history of the 17th-Century West | Central Europe

Central Europe

history of the 17th-Century West | Central Europe | power

Central Europe: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | England

England

history of the 17th-Century West | England | culture

England: Culture

history of the 17th-Century West | England | power

England: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | England | governance

Power: Governance

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English Civil War

English Civil War

English Civil War | Charles I

English Civil War: Charles I

English Civil War | Long Parliament

English Civil War: Long Parliament

England | Glorious Revolution

England: Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution | Revolutionary Settlement

Glorious Revolution: Revolutionary Settlement

Glorious Revolution | responses

Glorious Revolution: Responses

history of the 17th-Century West | France

France

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history of the 17th-Century West | France | culture

France: Culture

history of the 17th-Century West | France | art

Culture: Art

history of the 17th-Century West | France | drama

Culture: Drama

history of the 17th-Century West | France | power

France: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | France | progression of power

Power: Progression

history of the 17th-Century West | France | governance

Power: Governance

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history of the 17th-Century West | France | economy

France: Economy

history of the 17th-Century West | Iberia

Iberia

history of the 17th-Century West | Iberia | culture

Iberia: Culture

history of the 17th-Century West | Iberia | power

Iberia: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | Italy

Italy

history of the 17th-Century West | Netherlands

Netherlands

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history of the 17th-Century West | Netherlands | culture

Netherlands: Culture

history of the 17th-Century West | Netherlands | power

Netherlands: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | Netherlands | governance

Power: Governance

Netherlands | United Provinces

United Provinces of the Netherlands

history of the 17th-Century West | Netherlands | economy

Netherlands: Economy

history of the 17th-Century West | Poland

Poland

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history of the 17th-Century West | Poland | power

Poland: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | Prussia

Prussia

history of the 17th-Century West | Prussia | power

Prussia: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | Russia

Russia


history of the 17th-Century West | Russia | society

Russia: Society


history of the 17th-Century West | Russia | power

Russia: Power

history of the 17th-Century West | Scandinavia

Scandinavia

history of the 17th-Century West | Scandinavia | power

Scandinavia: Power

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Samples



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