Judaism

History of Judaism

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Perspective


The history of Judaism is about a religion that worshipped one god only, Yahweh, and His covenant with the Children of Israel. It also represents the collective religious, cultural, and legal tradition and civilization of the Jewish people. It includes the sacred texts, practices, theological positions, and organizational structure of the faith. The Torah is part of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) and the oral tradition embodied by later texts such the Talmud. Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world.

Judaism includes a variety of religious movements, mostly stemming from Rabbinic Judaism. This holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in both the Written and Oral Torah. But historically, this has been challenged by Sadducees and Hellenistic Judaism.

Today, the largest Jewish religious movements are Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Reform Judaism. Their differences exist in how they approach Jewish law, the Rabbinic tradition, and the meaning of the State of Israel. But there are restrictions and obligations whose observance is required of all Jews. Special courts still exist to enforce these requirements, but the practice of Judaism is mostly voluntary. Judaism’s religious and moral authority is vested in the sacred texts and the rabbis and scholars who interpret them.

Judaism got its start as an organized religion during the Bronze Age, and is considered one of the oldest monotheistic religions. Its sacred texts, traditions and beliefs strongly influenced later Peoples of the Book in their practice of Christianity and Islam. Moreover, the Judaic faith played a key role in the development of Western civilization through its role in early Christianity.

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Index

Ancient Judea Index | Society: OriginsPeople of AbrahamWomenFamilySexuality | Culture: Literature: Texts: Hebrew Bible | Religion: JudaismPeople of the Book: Genesis | Prophets: JeremiahIsaiahMosaic Code | Jerusalem | Temple of Jerusalem | Babylonian Captivity | Hellenistic Judea: SocietyCultureReligionPower: Antiochus IVMaccabean Dynasty | Roman Judea: Judaism in the Roman Empire: Society : DispersionCommunities | Literature: Josephus | Religion: BeliefsScribesSects | Power: RebellionLater Temple | Economy | Holocaust: Anti-SemitismSS and the EinsatzgruppenDeath Camps | Israel: PowerArab-Israeli Conflict



history of Judaism | Judea

Judea: Index

history of Judaism | society

Society

history of Judaism | origins

Society: Origins

People of Abraham

Society: People of Abraham

history of Judaism | women

Society: Women

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history of Judaism | family

Society: Family

history of Judaism | sexuality

Society: Sexuality

history of Judaism | marriage

Society: Marriage

history of Judaism | culture

Culture

history of Judaism | literature

Culture: Literature

history of Judaism | texts

Culture: Texts

Hebrew Bible

Texts: Hebrew Bible

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history of Judaism | religion

Religion

history of Judaism | Judaism

Religion: Judaism

People of the Book

Judaism: People of the Book

People of the Book | Genesis

People of the Book: Genesis

history of Judaism | prophets

Judaism: Prophets

Jeremiah

Prophets: Jeremiah

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Isaiah

Prophets: Isaiah

Mosaic Code

Judaism: Mosaic Code

Jerusalem

Religion: Jerusalem

Temple of Jerusalem

Jerusalem: Temple of Jerusalem

history of Judaism | power

Power

Babylonian Captivity

Power: Babylonian Captivity

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Hellenistic Judea

Power: Hellenistic Judea

history of Judaism | Hellenistic Judea | society

Hellenistic Judea: Society

history of Judaism | Hellenistic Judea | culture

Hellenistic Judea: Culture

history of Judaism | Hellenistic Judea | religion

Hellenistic Judea: Religion

history of Judaism | Hellenistic Judea | power

Hellenistic Judea: Power

Antiochus IV

Power: Antiochus IV

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Maccabeean Dynasty

Power: Maccabeean Dynasty

Roman Judea

Roman Judea

history of Judaism | Judaism in Roman Judea

Roman Judea: Judaism in the Roman Empire

history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | society

Judaism in the Roman Empire: Society

history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | dispersion

Society: Dispersion

history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | communities

Society: Communities

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history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | literature

Culture: Literature

history of Judaism | Josephus

Literature: Josephus

history of Judaism | beliefs

Religion: Beliefs

history of Judaism | scribes

Religion: Scribes

history of Judaism | sects

Religion: Sects

history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | power

Power

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history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | rebellion

Power: Rebellion

history of Judaism | Temple of Jerusalem

Religion: Temple of Jerusalem

history of Judaism | Judaism in the Roman Empire | economy

Economy

history of Judaism | Holocaust

Holocaust

history of Judaism | Holocaust | Anti-Semitism

Holocaust: Anti-Semitism

history of Judaism | Holocaust | SS

Holocaust: SS and the Einsatzgruppen

history of Judaism | Holocaust | death camps

Holocaust: Death Camps

history of Judaism | Israel

Israel

history of Judaism | Israel | power

Israel: Power

history of Judaism | Arab-Israeli Conflict

Power: Arab-Israeli Conflict


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Samples

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