Global Empires


History of Global Empires


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Perspective


The history of global empires begins with the Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries, when Portugal and Spain explored the globe and established large overseas empires. With this, the great wealth these empires generated provoked the envy of the English, the French, and the Dutch, who began to establish their own colonies and trade in the Americas and Asia. Then, in a series of wars in the 17th and 18th centuries with the Netherlands and France, England emerged victorious and became the dominant colonial power in North America. In addition, it became the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent after the East India Company conquered the Mughal territory of Bengal in 1757.

The British Empire began with the overseas possessions and trade posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. This enabled the empire to become the largest empire in history and the foremost global power at its zenith. Indeed, by 1913 the British Empire held sway over 412 million people (then 23 per cent of the world population), and by 1920 it covered nearly one-quarter of the Earth’s total land area. In all, its constitutional, legal, linguistic, and cultural legacy was global, and it was described as “the empire on which the sun never sets”.


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Index

Spanish Empire: New WorldPhilippines | British Empire: AustraliaNew ZealandThe RajScramble for Africa: Belgian Congo | French Empire: New FranceFrench North AfricaFrench Indochina | Dutch Empire: Dutch East IndiesSouthern AfricaMalacca | Portuguese Empire in Brazil



colonial Latin America

Colonial Latin America: Index

colonial Philippines

Colonial Southeast Asia: Philippines

British Empire

British Empire

history of Global Empires | British Empire | Australia

British Empire: Australia

history of Global Empires | British Empire | New Zealand

British Empire: New Zealand

history of Global Empires | British Empire | India | The Raj

British Empire: The Raj

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history of Global Empires | Scramble for Africa

Scramble for Africa


history of Global Empires | Belgian Empire | Congo

Belgian Congo

history of Global Empires | French Empire

French Empire

history of Global Empires | French Empire | New France

New France

history of Global Empires | French Empire | North Africa

French North Africa

history of Global Empires | French Empire | Indochina

French Indochina

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history of Global Empires | Dutch Empire

Dutch Empire

history of Global Empires | Dutch Empire | Dutch East Indies

Dutch East Indies

history of Global Empires | Dutch Empire | Malacca

Malacca

history of Global Empires | Dutch Empire | Southern Africa

Dutch Empire: Southern Africa

history of Global Empires | Portuguese Empire | Brazil

Portuguese Empire in Brazil

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Samples



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