History of Ancient Egypt

History of Ancient Egypt

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The history of ancient Egypt has it that “All men fear time, but time fears the pyramids.” Indeed, the Great Pyramids at Giza are but the cornerstone of an astonishing architectural heritage on display throughout the great length (but slender breadth) of the River Nile. As part of this, Egypt gave us a wealth of tomb treasures and mystical literature. For example, its poetry is as subtle as the pyramids are grand, and the Book of the Dead guided spirits on their journey to the Isles of the Blessed. As a matter of fact, Egyptian religion was filled with deities that included sun gods, river and land gods, animal gods, and sacred plants.

Life was harsh for the slave labor force that built the dreams of the master builders. In contrast, life for peasants was more benign, and crops flourished in the rich delta soil, renewed each year by the gentle and predictable flooding of the Nile. As a result, Egypt’s urban dwellers enjoyed peace and prosperity (and many indulgent practices). What’s more, it enjoyed security, thanks to the vast stretches of desert that insulated and protected Egypt. In this way, the centuries went by as pharaohs held sway over a civilization that looked to them as the arbiters of the universal clockwork-mechanism that would always provide, much as the Nile did. But eventually, the relative stability of the Old and Middle Kingdoms gave way to foreign adventure and a taste for empire. This brought conflict and conquest by the Hyksos and Sea People, and the ruin of this magnificent civilization.

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Ancient Egypt Index | SocietyPrehistoric EgyptCitiesAlexandriaClassClothingDaily LifePeasantsWealthEnvironmentFamilyManners and CustomsPersonal AppearancePublic HealthWomen: BeautyStatusLove | CultureArchitectureDesignSitesPyramidsGreat PyramidsTombsArtArtistsJewelryMinor ArtsEgyptologyLanguageLearningLiterature: DevelopmentFragments | Philosophy | Sculpture | Writing | Religion: IkhnatonBeliefsDeitiesMain Gods Lesser GodsSky GodsSun GodsRiver and Land GodsSacred PlantsAnimal Gods | Power: FrameworkGovernanceLawOld KingdomMiddle KingdomFirst Intermediate PeriodTwelfth DynastySecond Intermediate PeriodEmpire | Economy: AgricultureCreditEngineeringExchangeIndustryMetallurgyMineralsSlavery

history of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt: Index


society in Egypt


pre-historic Egypt

Society: Pre-Historic Egypt

cities of Egypt

Society: Cities

Ancient Alexandria

Cities: Alexandria

social class in Egypt

Society: Class

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clothing in Egypt

Society: Clothing

daily life in Egypt

Society: Daily Life

peasants in Ancient Egypt

Daily Life: Peasants

wealth Ancient Egypt

Society: Wealth

environment of Ancient Egypt

Society: Environment

family in Ancient Egypt

Society: Family

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manners and customs of Ancient Egypt

Society: Manners and Customs

personal appearance in Ancient Egypt

Society: Personal Appearance

public health in Ancient Egypt

Society: Public Health

women in Ancient Egypt

Society: Women

beauty in Ancient Egypt

Women: Beauty

status in Ancient Egypt

Women: Status

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love in Ancient Egypt

Women: Love


culture of Egypt


architecture of Egypt

Culture: Architecture

architecture of Egypt | design

Architecture: Design

sites of Ancient Egypt

Architecture: Sites

history of Egypt | pyramids

Architecture: Pyramids

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Great Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids: Great Pyramids of Giza

tombs of Egypt


art in Egypt

Culture: Art

artists in Egypt

Art: Artists

jewelry of Ancient Egypt

Art: Jewelry

history of Egypt | minor arts

Art: Minor Arts

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Culture: Egyptology

history of Ancient Egypt | language

Culture: Language

history of Ancient Egypt | learning

Culture: Learning

literature of Ancient Egypt

Culture: Literature

literature of Ancient Egypt | development

Literature: Development

literature of ancient Egypt | fragments

Literature: Fragments

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history of Ancient Egypt | philosophy

Culture: Philosophy

history of Ancient Egypt | sculpture

Culture: Sculpture

history of Ancient Egypt | writing

Culture: Writing


history of Ancient Egypt | religion



Religion: Ikhnaton

religion of Ancient Egypt | beliefs

Religion: Beliefs

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religion of Ancient Egypt | deities

Religion: Deities

religion of Ancient Egypt | main gods

Deities: Main Gods

religion of Ancient Egypt | lesser gods

Deities: Lesser Gods

religion of Ancient Egypt | sky gods

Deities: Sky Gods

religion of Ancient Egypt | sun gods

Deities: Sun Gods

religion of Ancient Egypt | river and land gods

Deities: River and Land Gods

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religion of ancient Egypt | sacred plants

Deities: Sacred Plants

religion of Ancient Egypt | animal gods

Deities: Animal Gods


history of Ancient Egypt | power


history of Ancient Egypt | framework of power

Power: Framework

history of Ancient Egypt | governance

Power: Governance

history of Ancient Egypt | law

Power: Law

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Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

Power: Old Kingdom

Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

Power: Middle Kingdom

First Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt

Power: First Intermediate Period

history of Ancient Egypt | Twelfth Dynasty

Middle Kingdom: Twelfth Dynasty

history of Ancient Egypt | Second Intermediate Period

Power: Second Intermediate Period

history of Ancient Egypt | empire

Power: Empire

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economy of Ancient Egypt


agriculture in Ancient Egypt

Economy: Agriculture

history of Ancient Egypt | credit

Economy: Credit

history of Ancient Egypt | engineering

Economy: Engineering

history of Ancient Egypt | exchange

Economy: Exchange

history of Ancient Egypt | industry

Economy: Industry

metallurgy in ancient Egypt

Economy: Metallurgy

history of Ancient Egypt | minerals

Economy: Minerals

slavery in ancient Egypt

Economy: Slavery

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