America 1800-1815

History of America 1800-1815

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Perspective


The history of America 1800-1815 saw continuing British bellicosity after the Treaty of Paris that had supposedly settled our differences. But on the high seas, the British continued to impede American shipping, and they continued to seize thousands of American sailors and force them into the Royal Navy to fight Britain’s war against Napoleon. In North America, the British supported Indian attacks on American settlers in the hope of frustrating American expansion westward. Despite strong opposition from the mercantile community who wanted to avoid disrupting trade with Britain, Congress declared war on June 18, 1812.

The war was frustrating for both sides. Neither side could gain the upper hand, thanks to the incompetence of American commanders and the ineffectiveness of the American militia. Soldiers refused to enlist and the government was unable to muster the forces needed to drive the British from Canada. As the British blockade halted American commerce, it exhausted the Treasury and angered the smugglers who had sustained trade. Once the Americans had defeated the Indians under Tecumseh, Andrew Jackson extinguished the remaining Indian hostilities in the Southeast. In all, these actions effectively ended Indian efforts to regain their territories.

In 1814, the British attacked and burned Washington, but were turned back at Baltimore, where Francis Scott Key penned the “Star Spangled Banner” to celebrate the American success. Then in early 1815, Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans, making him a war hero. With the news of Jackson’s victory of New Orleans and the exile of Napoleon, the causes of the war no longer obtained. Soon, a peace was negotiated that left intact the boundaries that had existed before the war.

The federal government outlawed the Atlantic slave trade after 1820. As a result, prices for cotton and the demand for slaves soared in the Deep South, and slavery became more widespread. In fact, the federal government had outlawed American participation in the Atlantic slave trade after 1820. As a result, prices for cotton (and slaves) soared in the Deep South, and the slave population increased as slavery became more widespread.

The Second Great Awakening in the first half of the 19th century converted many Americans to evangelicalism. Moreover, it inspired social reform movements, including abolitionism, women’s rights, and temperance. Even though abolitionists demanded freedom for the slave, the condition of the slaves remained dire.

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Index

1800-1815 Index | Society: CommunitiesValues | Culture: LearningLiteratureScholarshipScience and Technology: InventorsMedicine | Religion: BeliefsSecond Great Awakening | Power: Conflict: War of 1812: Progression | Thomas Jefferson: GovernanceAaron BurrLouisiana PurchaseNative Americans | James Madison | The South | Economy: IndustryCommerceInfrastructure


history of America 1800-1815

1800-1815: Index

history of America 1800-1815 | society

Society

history of America 1800-1815 | communities

Society: Communities

history of America 1800-1815 | values

Society: Values

history of America 1800-1815 | culture

Culture

history of America 1800-1815 | learning

Culture: Learning

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history of America 1800-1815 | literature

Culture: Literature

history of America 1800-1815 | scholarship

Culture: Scholarship

history of America 1800-1815 | science and technology

Culture: Science and Technology

history of America 1800-1815 | inventors

Science and Technology: Inventors

history of America 1800-1815 | medicine

Science and Technology: Medicine

history of America 1800-1815 | religion

Religion

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history of America 1800-1815 | religion | beliefs

Religion: Beliefs

Second Great Awakening

Religion: Second Great Awakening

history of America 1800-1815 | power

Power

history of America 1800-1815 | conflict

Power: Conflict

War of 1812

War of 1812

history of America 1800-1815 | War of 1812 | progression

War of 1812: Progression

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

history of America 1800-1815 | Thomas Jefferson | governance

Thomas Jefferson: Governance

Aaron Burr

Governance: Aaron Burr

Louisiana Purchase

Governance: Louisiana Purchase

history of America 1800-1815 | Native Americans

Governance: Native Americans

James Madison

James Madison

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history of America 1800-1815 | the South

The South

history of America 1800-1815 | economy

Economy

history of America 1800-1815 | industry

Economy: Industry

history of America 1800-1815 | commerce

Economy: Commerce

history of America 1800-1815 | infrastructure

Economy: Infrastructure

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Samples


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