History of America 1782-1800
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The history of America 1782-1800 begins with the Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783. This formally ended the Revolutionary War and established the independence of the United States. In consequence, the United States acquired most of British territory east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes, while the British kept northern Canada and Spain took Florida.
Tensions over the lingering British presence in its former territories, British impressment of American sailors, and fishing rights led to the War of 1812. This was fought with no real conclusion. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 wrote the United States Constitution, which was ratified in state conventions only after extensive and acrimonious debate. The constitution created a federal government with three branches (executive, judiciary, and legislative) and built-in checks and balances. George Washington was elected the new nation’s first president. A Bill of Rights, comprised of the first ten constitutional amendments and guaranteeing the fundamental civil rights that had motivated the revolution, was adopted in 1791.
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1782-1800 Index | Governance: Articles of Confederation • Constitutional Convention • Anti-Federalists • Bill of Rights • Constitution: Constitutional Debate: New York | Ratification | New Consciousness | Political Parties | Rebellion: Ohio Country • Whiskey Rebellion • Shays’ Rebellion | State Republican Governments | Reform | George Washington: Governance | Alexander Hamilton: Bank of the United States | John Adams: Governance • Foreign Affairs
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Constitutional Debate: New York
Rebellion: Ohio Country
Rebellion: Shays’ Rebellion
Rebellion: Whiskey Rebellion
State Republican Governments
George Washington: Governance
Bank of the United States
John Adams: Governance
John Adams: Foreign Affairs