History of the Heroic Era of Ancient Greece

History of the Heroic Era of Ancient Greece

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In Greek mythology, the history of the Heroic era of ancient Greece is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and their return from Troy. It was deemed one of the five Ages of Man by Hesiod, and spans roughly six generations. While the heroes denoted by the term were not divine, they were superhuman, and they were celebrated as such in the literature of Homer.

The Greek heroes can be grouped into an approximate chronology based on events such as the expedition of Jason and the Argonauts and the Trojan War. Many of these early heroes were descended from the gods and were part of the founding narratives of various city-states. They also became the ancestors of later heroes. The Phoenician prince Cadmus, a grandson of Poseidon, was the first Greek hero and the founder of Thebes.

Perseus, famous for his exploits well before the days of his great-grandson, Heracles, was the son of Zeus. Perseus beheaded the Medusa, saved Andromeda from the sea monster Cetus, and was the legendary founder of Mycenae. Aeacus was also a son of Zeus. Bellerophon was descended from the nymph Orseis. Oenomaus, king of Pisa, in the Peloponnese, was the son of Ares. Among these early heroes the three – Cadmus, Perseus and Bellerophon – were considered the greatest Greek heroes and slayers of monsters before the days of Heracles.

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Heroic Age IndexSocietyAchaeans: OriginsLegends: ArgonautsThebes | Daily LifeFamilyMarriage | PowerDorian ConquestGovernanceSiege of TroyEconomy

Heroic Age

Heroic Age: Index

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | society


history of Ancient Greece | Achaeans

Society: Achaeans

Achaeans | origins

Achaeans: Origins

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | Achaeans | legends

Achaeans: Legends

Jason and the Argonauts

Legends: Jason and the Argonauts

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Heroic Era | legends | Achaeans | Thebes

Legends: Thebes

Heroic Era of Greece | daily life

Society: Daily Life

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | family

Society: Family

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | marriage

Society: Marriage

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | power


Dorian conquest

Power: Dorian Conquest

history of Ancient Greece | Heroic Age | governance

Power: Governance

Siege of Troy

Power: Siege of Troy

Heroic Age of Greece | economy


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