History of the Scientific Revolution

History of the Scientific Revolution

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The history of the Scientific Revolution began in Europe towards the end of the Renaissance and saw the emergence of modern science, with developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, and chemistry. All of this changed society’s understanding of nature, and its spirit of inquiry informed Enlightenment thinking. With this, the publication in 1543 of Nicolaus Copernicus’ On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres questioned the divine order of cosmology and began the Scientific Revolution and its long conflict with the Church.

The beginning of the Scientific Revolution was focused on the recovery of the knowledge of the ancients. The publication in 1632 of Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems gave rise in time to the “grand synthesis” of Isaac Newton’s 1687 Principia. This set forth the laws of motion and universal gravitation that formed the basis for a new cosmology.

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Scientific Method Index | Scientific Method | Astronomy: Copernicus | Brahe | Galileo | Philosophy: Descartes | Isaac Newton |Pascal | Spinoza | Women | Inventions | Medicine | Spread

Scientific Revolution: Index

Scientific Method


Astronomy: Copernicus

Astronomy: Brahe

Astronomy: Kepler

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Astronomy: Galileo


Philosophy: Descartes

Philosophy: Isaac Newton

Philosophy: Pascal

Philosophy: Spinoza

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