History of the Civil War
Experience the History of the Civil War with WisdomMaps: The Future of the Past!
The history of the Civil War began with the sectional conflict over slavery that led to the war. With the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln in 1860, thirteen slave states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. The federal government (the “Union”) held that secession was illegal. Military action was begun by the secessionists with their attack on Fort Sumter, and the Union responded with attacks of its own.
The Civil War would become the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately some 700,000 soldiers (many from battlefield infection and disease) and many civilians. At first, the Union fought simply to preserve the Union. But as the casualty toll mounted after 1863, Lincoln delivered his Emancipation Proclamation, indicating that the purpose of the war had become that of ending slavery. When the Union won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated Confederacy was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which prohibited slavery. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were also ratified, granting citizenship to the freed slaves along with the right to vote. But civil liberties remained largely hypothetical for African Americans in the South for generations to come.
Here’s a look…
… and here’s a look at what you’re missing. 😕 Subscribe now for access to the entire WisdomMaps collection: more than 3,000 mind maps on all the world’s history and cultures. It’s the best education you’ve never had!
Civil War Index | Society | Power | Secession | The Confederacy: States’ Rights • Union Army | Fort Sumter | Progression of the War | Money and Manpower | Governance: The Confederacy • Wartime Politics • Politics of Emancipation | Battles and Campaigns: Commanders • Opening Clashes • Virginia Front • Peninsular Campaign • Western Theater • The West • Turning of the Tide • Final Stage | Strategy and Diplomacy: Europe • Sea Power
Civil War: Index
The Confederacy: Money and Manpower
The Confederacy: States’ Rights
Progression of the War
Governance: The Confederacy
Governance: Wartime Politics
Governance: The Politics of Emancipation
Battles and Campaigns
Battles and Campaigns: Commanders
Battles and Campaigns: Opening Clashes
Battles and Campaigns: Virginia Front
Battles and Campaigns: Peninsular Campaign
Battles and Campaigns: Western Theater
Battles and Campaigns: The West
Battles and Campaigns: Turning of the Tide
Battles and Campaigns: Final Stage
Strategy and Diplomacy
Strategy and Diplomacy: Europe
Strategy and Diplomacy: Sea Power