History of Reconstruction

History of Reconstruction

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The history of Reconstruction began after the Civil War ended. President Lincoln tried to foster forgiveness and friendship between the Union and the former Confederacy. With his assassination on April 14, 1865, Northern attitudes hardened. Indeed, Republicans in the federal government made it their goal to reconstruct the South in ways that would guarantee the rights of the newly-freed slaves. But the Compromise of 1877 required Republicans to cease their efforts on behalf of the freed slaves in the South in return for Democrats conceding the disputed presidential election of 1876.

When Southern white Democrats took control down South after the end of Reconstruction, it marked the onset of the worst times for African Americans there. From 1890 to 1910, Democrats enacted Jim Crow laws that deprived African Americans and poor whites of their right to vote. Worse, Southern blacks experienced vigilante violence at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan and other terror groups. Against a background of frequent lynchings and even burnings at the stake, racial segregation hardened nationwide.

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Reconstruction Index | Society | Power: Andrew Johnson Rutherford HayesUlysses GrantNorthern OccupationReconstruction Northern StyleConflictAftermath of the WarCongressional ModerationCongressional ReconstructionPresidential ReconstructionRepublican Rule | Legacy

Reconstruction: Index



Power: Andrew Johnson

Power: Rutherford Hayes

Power: Ulysses Grant

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Power: Aftermath of the War

Power: Governance

Power: Northern Occupation

Power: Reconstruction Northern Style

Power: Conflict

Power: Aftermath of the War

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Power: Congressional Moderation

Power: Congressional Reconstruction

Power: Presidential Reconstruction


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