Reconstruction

History of Reconstruction

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Perspective


The history of Reconstruction began after the Civil War ended. President Lincoln tried to foster forgiveness and friendship between the Union and the former Confederacy. With his assassination on April 14, 1865, Northern attitudes hardened. Indeed, Republicans in the federal government made it their goal to reconstruct the South in ways that would guarantee the rights of the newly-freed slaves. But the Compromise of 1877 required Republicans to cease their efforts on behalf of the freed slaves in the South in return for Democrats conceding the disputed presidential election of 1876.

When Southern white Democrats took control down South after the end of Reconstruction, it marked the onset of the worst times for African Americans there. From 1890 to 1910, Democrats enacted Jim Crow laws that deprived African Americans and poor whites of their right to vote. Worse, Southern blacks experienced vigilante violence at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan and other terror groups. Against a background of frequent lynchings and even burnings at the stake, racial segregation hardened nationwide.

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Index

Reconstruction Index | Society | Power: Andrew Johnson Rutherford HayesUlysses GrantNorthern OccupationReconstruction Northern StyleConflictAftermath of the WarCongressional ModerationCongressional ReconstructionPresidential ReconstructionRepublican Rule | Legacy



Reconstruction: Index

history of Reconstruction | society

Society

history of Reconstruction | power

Power

Andrew Johnson

Power: Andrew Johnson

Rutherford Hayes

Power: Rutherford Hayes

history of Reconstruction | Ulysses Grant

Power: Ulysses Grant

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history of Reconstruction | aftermath of the war

Power: Aftermath of the War

history of Reconstruction | governance

Power: Governance

Northern Occupation

Power: Northern Occupation

Reconstruction Northern-style

Power: Reconstruction Northern Style

history of Reconstruction | conflict

Power: Conflict

history of Reconstruction | aftermath of the war

Power: Aftermath of the War

Up to Index

history of Reconstruction | Congressional moderation

Power: Congressional Moderation

history of Reconstruction | Congressional Reconstruction

Power: Congressional Reconstruction

history of Reconstruction | presidential Reconstruction

Power: Presidential Reconstruction

history of Reconstruction | legacy

Legacy

Up to Index

Samples



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