History of Native Americans

History of Native Americans

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The history of Native Americans is about the indigenous peoples of the United States. There are 574 federally-recognized tribes living within the United States, and about half of them live on Indian reservations.

The ancestors of living Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago, and probably much earlier. They came from Asia, via the land strait that then spanned the Bering Strait. This migration gave rise to a vast array of societies and cultures.

Starting with the arrival of Columbus in 1492, Europeans brought a host of new diseases. This resulted in a precipitous decline in the Native American population from some 115 million at the time of contact to just several millions when the Pilgrims arrived 100 years later. It caused colonial settlers to wage continuous war and perpetrate massacres against many Native American peoples. Finally, they removed them from their ancestral lands to the inhospitable lands of “Indian Territory”, and subjected them to lopsided treaties and discriminatory government policies through modern times.

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Native Americans Index | Society: OriginsMigrationPopulationCommunities | Power | Economy | Thomas Jefferson Administration | Marshall Court | Five Civilized Tribes | White Settlement | Removal | Trail of Tears | Second Great Removal Alternatives to Removal | Ghost Dance | Federal Government | Black Hawk War | Seminole Tribe | Southern Tribes | Early 20th Century | Tribal View

Native Americans

Native Americans: Index

history of Native Americans | society


history of Native Americans | origins

Society: Origins

history of Native Americans | migration

Society: Migration

history of Native Americans | population

Society: Population

history of Native Americans | communities

Society: Communities

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history of Native Americans | power


history of Native Americans | economy


Native Americans | Jefferson administration

Thomas Jefferson Administration

Native Americans | Marshall Court

Marshall Court

history of Native Americans | white settlement

White Settlement

history of Native Americans | Five Civilized Tribes

Five Civilized Tribes

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history of Native Americans | removal


Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears

Second Great Removal

Second Great Removal

history of Native Americans | alternatives to removal

Alternatives to Removal

Ghost Dance

Ghost Dance

history of Native Americans | removal | federal government

Federal Government

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Black Hawk War

Black Hawk War

Seminole tribe

Seminole Tribe

history of Native Americans | removal | Southern tribes

Southern Tribes

history of Native Americans | early 20th century

Early 20th Century

history of Native Americans | tribal view

Tribal View

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