Christianity


History of Christianity


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Perspective


The history of Christianity is the history of the Christian religion, Christian countries and communities, and the various denominations of Christians, from its formation in the 1st century to the present day. Christianity began with the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth, who preached the coming of the Kingdom of God and was crucified around AD 30 in Jerusalem in Roman Judea. His followers believe that the Gospels had identified him as the Son of God and that he died to forgive the sins of others. They further believe that he was raised from the dead, and would return to earthly existence soon to inaugurate God’s Kingdom on Earth.

The earliest followers of Jesus were Jewish Christians. The inclusion of gentiles in the early Christian Church caused a rift to erupt between Judaism and Jewish Christianity early in the Christian Era. In 313, the Edict of Milan legalizing Christian worship was promulgated by Emperor Constantine I. Then in 380, the Roman Empire officially adopted Christianity as its state religion. With that, Christianity became the predominant religion in the state church of the Roman Empire. But controversies raged in the early Church about the human and divine nature of Christ, and various church councils were called to resolve these disputes. Arianism was condemned at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 in support of the doctrine of the Trinity in the Nicene Creed.

In the Early Middle Ages, missionaries spread Christianity among the Germanic peoples to the west. During the High Middle Ages, eastern and western Christianity grew apart, and resulted in the Schism of 1054 that divided Eastern Orthodox Christianity from Roman Christianity. Moreover, the growing criticism of Church officials and their egregious behavior gave rise to Protestantism in the 16th century and the splintering of western Christianity. Since then, Christianity has expanded throughout the world and become the world’s largest religion, with more than two billion Christians worldwide. Although the influence of Christianity has waned in the West, it has rapidly grown in Asia and Third World developing countries.


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Index

Christianity Index | Origins | Apostles: John: WritingsPaul: BackgroundMissionsBeliefs | Peter | Disciples | Gospels | Early Christianity: Moral CodeSacramentsRitualOrganizationBishopsDoctrine: Orthodoxy | Creeds | Jesus of Nazareth: Life and TeachingsAchievementsFinal BreakDeath and TransfigurationPerceptionScholarship | Monasticism | Spread | Empire | Persecution | Triumph: Constantine | Culture | Church Fathers: Augustine | Literature: Origen | Tertullian | ApologistsLiterary Tradition | Modern Scholarship: Higher Criticism



history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity

Christianity

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | origins

Christianity: Origins

Apostles

Apostles

Apostles | John

Apostles: John

Apostles | John | writings

John: Writings

Apostles | Paul

Apostles: Paul

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history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | apostles | Paul | background

Paul: Background

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | apostles | Paul | missions

Paul: Missions

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | apostles | Paul | beliefs

Paul: Beliefs

Apostles | Peter

Apostles: Peter

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | disciples

Christianity: Disciples

Gospels

Christianity: Gospels

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Early Christianity

Christianity: Early Christianity

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | Early Christianity | moral code

Early Christianity: Moral Code

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | Early Christianity | sacraments

Early Christianity: Sacraments

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | Early Christianity | ritual

Early Christianity: Ritual

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | organization

Christianity: Organization

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | bishops

Christianity: The Church: Bishops

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history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | doctrine

Christianity: Doctrine

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | orthodoxy

Doctrine: Orthodoxy

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | creeds

Christianity: Creeds

Jesus of Nazareth

Christianity: Jesus of Nazareth

Jesus of Nazareth | teachings

Jesus of Nazareth: Life and Teachings

Jesus of Nazareth | achievements

Jesus of Nazareth: Achievements

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Jesus of Nazareth | final break

Jesus of Nazareth: Final Break

Jesus of Nazareth | death and transfiguration

Jesus of Nazareth: Death and Transfiguration

Jesus of Nazareth | perception

Jesus of Nazareth: Perception

Jesus of Nazareth | scholarship

Jesus of Nazareth: Scholarship

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | monasticism

Christianity: Monasticism

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | spread of Christianity

Christianity: Spread

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history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | spread of Christianity | Empire

Spread: Empire

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | persecution

Spread: Persecution

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | triumph

Christianity: Triumph

Constantine

Triumph: Constantine

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | culture

Christianity: Culture

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | Church Fathers

The Church: Church Fathers

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Saint Augustine

Church Fathers: Augustine

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | literature

Culture: Literature

Origen

Literature: Origen

Tertullian

Literature: Tertullian

Apologists

Literature: Apologists

history of Ancient Rome | religion | Christianity | literary tradition

Literature: Literary Tradition

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history of Christianity | modern scholarship

Christianity: Modern Scholarship

history of Christianity | higher criticism

Modern Scholarship: Higher Criticism

history of Christianity | the Renaissance

Christianity in the Renaissance

history of Christianity | the Reformation

The Reformation: Index

history of Christianity | the Reformation | religion

Religion in the Reformation

Society of Jesus

Society of Jesus

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Catholic Reformation

Catholic Reformation

history of Christianity | the Reformation | papacy

The Papacy in the Catholic Reformation

history of Christianity | the Reformation | Catholic Reformation | monasticism

Catholic Reformation: Monasticism

history of Christianity | the Reformation | society

Society in the Reformation

history of Christianity | the Reformation  | culture

Culture in the Reformation

history of Christianity | the Reformation | Central Europe

Reformation in Central Europe

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history of Christianity | the Reformation | Netherlands

Reformation in the Netherlands

history of Christianity | the Reformation | Spain

Reformation in Spain

history of Christianity | Early Christianity

Early Christianity

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | authority

Early Christianity: Authority

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | doctrine

Early Christianity: Doctrine

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | prosletyzing

Early Christianity: Proselytizing

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history of Christianity | Early Christianity | structure

Early Christianity: Structure

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | monasticism

Monasticism

history of Christianity | Late Middle Ages

Christianity in the Late Middle Ages

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | the Enlightenment | faith or reason?

The Enlightenment: Faith or Reason?

history of Christianity | the Enlightenment

Christianity in the Enlightenment

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | authority

Christianity: Authority

history of Christianity | Early Christianity | sects

Sects

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Samples


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