History of Christianity (Members Only)

Digital History of Christianity

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Perspective


The history of Christianity is the history of the Christian religion, Christian countries and communities, and the various denominations of Christians, from its formation in the 1st century to the present day. Christianity began with the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth, who preached the coming of the Kingdom of God and was crucified around AD 30 in Jerusalem in Roman Judea. His followers believe that the Gospels had identified him as the Son of God and that he died to the forgive the sins of others. They further believe that he was raised from the dead, and would return to earthly existence soon to inaugurate God’s Kingdom on Earth.

The earliest followers of Jesus were Jewish Christians. The inclusion of gentiles in the early Christian Church caused a rift to erupt between Judaism and Jewish Christianity early in the Christian Era. In 313, the Edict of Milan legalizing Christian worship was promulgated by Emperor Constantine I. In 380, the Roman Empire officially adopted Christianity as its state religion, and Christianity became the predominant religion in the state church of the Roman Empire. Controversies raged in the early Church about the human and divine nature of Christ, and various church councils were called to resolve these disputes. Arianism was condemned at the First Council of Nicaea in 325, in support of the doctrine of the Trinity in the Nicene Creed.

In the early Middle Ages, missionaries spread Christianity among the Germanic peoples to the west. During the High Middle Ages, eastern and western Christianity grew apart, and resulted in the Schism of 1054 that divided Eastern Orthodox Christianity from Roman Christianity. Growing criticism of Church officials and their egregious behavior gave rise to the Protestantism in the 16th century and the splintering of western Christianity. Since then, Christianity has expanded throughout the world and become the world’s largest religion, with more than two billion Christians worldwide. Although the influence of Christianity has waned in the West, it has rapidly grown in Asia and Third World developing countries.

That said, here’s our assortment… please enjoy! When you’re done perusing a map, just close it, and you’ll be back here.


Index

Christianity Index | Origins | Apostles: John: WritingsPaul: BackgroundMissionsBeliefs | Peter | Disciples | Gospels | Early Christianity: Moral CodeSacramentsRitualOrganizationBishopsDoctrine: Orthodoxy | Creeds | Jesus of Nazareth: Life and TeachingsAchievementsFinal BreakDeath and TransfigurationPerceptionScholarship | Monasticism | Spread | Empire | Persecution | Triumph: Constantine | Culture | Church Fathers: Augustine | Literature: Origen | Tertullian | ApologistsLiterary Tradition | Modern Scholarship: Higher Criticism



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