History of America 1815-1830
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The history of America 1815-1830 focuses on the Federalists, who had been strongly opposed to the war with Britain. At their Hartford Convention in 1814, they had considered demanding the secession of the New England states in protest. But the American victory at New Orleans ruined their prestige and marginalized them as a political party. With the collapse of the Federalist Party, President James Monroe ushered in an Era of Good Feelings marked by a notable absence of political rancor.
The designation of the period by historians as one of good feelings is often conveyed with irony or skepticism, as the history of the era was one in which the political atmosphere was strained and divisive, especially among factions within the Monroe administration and the Democratic-Republican Party.
The Era of Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of 1812. The era saw the collapse of the Federalist Party and an end to the bitter partisan disputes between it and the dominant Democratic-Republican Party during the First Party System. President James Monroe strove to downplay partisan affiliation in making his nominations, with the ultimate goal of national unity and eliminating political parties altogether from national politics. The period is so closely associated with Monroe’s presidency (1817–1825) and his administrative goals that his name and the era are virtually synonymous.
During and after the 1824 presidential election, the Democratic-Republican Party split between supporters and opponents of Jacksonian Democracy, leading to the Second Party System.
The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was adopted in response to American fears over the attempt of Russia and France to expand into the Western Hemisphere, and it demanded that European powers cease their interference in the Americas.
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1815-1830 Index | Society | Culture: Literature: Antebellum South | Power: Governance • Courts: John Marshall: Interstate Commerce • Tribes | James Monroe: Foreign Affairs • Era of Good Feelings | John Quincy Adams | Andrew Jackson: Jacksonian Democracy • Expanding Electorate • Nullification Crisis • Bank War • Webster-Hayne Debate • Indian Removal • Five Civilized Tribes • Trail of Tears • Black Hawk War • Seminole Tribe | Sectionalism: Missouri Compromise • Old Northwest • The South • Westward Surge | Economy: Agriculture: Markets | Growth | Industry | Infrastructure: Canals • Railroads • Steamboats | Economy: Old Northwest
Literature: Antebellum South
Courts: John Marshall
John Marshall: Interstate Commerce
John Marshall: Tribes
James Monroe: Foreign Affairs
James Monroe: Era of Good Feelings
John Quincy Adams
Governance: Jacksonian Democracy
Governance: Expanding Electorate
Governance: Nullification Crisis
Governance: Bank War
Governance: Webster-Hayne Debate
Governance: Indian Removal
Indian Removal: Five Civilized Tribes
Indian Removal: Trail of Tears
Indian Removal: Black Hawk War
Indian Removal: Seminole Tribe
Sectionalism: Missouri Compromise
Sectionalism: Old Northwest
Sectionalism: The South
Economy: Old Northwest