History of the Golden Age of Ancient Greece

History of the Golden Age of Ancient Greece

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The history of the Golden Age of ancient Greece began when peace with Persia was concluded in the mid-5th century BCE. The Delian League grew to become the Athenian Empire when Athens seized and relocated the League’s treasury from Delos to Athens. Once there, its funds were used to build the Athenian Acropolis, place half its population on the public payroll, and create a navy that made Athenian power unrivaled in the Greek world.

Fifth-century Athens was book-ended by its Golden Age and the Age of Pericles, and buoyed by political hegemony, economic growth and a flourishing culture. Athens takes its name from its patron goddess, Athena. The period began after the defeat of the Persian Empire in 478 BCE, when an Athenian-led Delian League of independent city-states overcame the Persians to keep the liberated Anatolian Greek cities free.

Flush with money military might and guided by its statesman-orator Pericles, Athens developed some of the most influential and enduring culture of the Western tradition. During this era, the dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides all lived and wrote their plays in Athens. Herodotus and Thucydides wrote their histories, Hippocrates practiced medicine, and Plato and Socrates wrote and argued philosophy.

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Athenian Democracy: VotersGovernance: Finance: Revenue | Functions: Boule | Athens Power: Military OfficeArchonsCleisthenesHippiasOligarchyCimonEphialtesPeisistratus: GovernanceEconomic Policy | Law: SolonSolonian RevolutionJusticeCriminal LawInternational LawPhasesCourts: Trials | Property | Trade

Athenian Democracy

Athenian Democracy: Voters

Athenian Democracy: Governance

Governance: Finance

Governance: Revenue

Athenian Democracy: Functions

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Functions: Boule

Athens: Power

Power: Military Office

Power: Archons

Power: Cleisthenes

Power: Hippias

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Power: Oligarchy

Power: Cimon

Power: Ephialtes

Power: Peisistratus

Peisistratus: Governance

Peisistratus: Economic Policy

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Power: Law

Law: Solon

Law: Justice

Law: Criminal Law

Law: International Law

Law: Phases

Law: Courts

Courts: Trials

Law: Property

Law: Trade

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