Colonial Africa (Members Only)

Digital History of Colonial Africa

a key to global education: Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci

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Perspective


The Portuguese were the first Europeans entered the slave trade in the late 15th century. They traded for slaves at first, and for 400 years, they limited their involvement to trading stations on the African coast.  From there, they sent slaves to Europe, often as household servants, and later to Brazil as plantation slaves. Few slave traders dared venture inland from the coast, deterred by disease and hostile tribes in the interior. Technology helped to overcome these obstacles with the development of increasingly lethal weaponry such as repeating rifles, the Maxim machine gun and artillery, and the discovery in 1854 of quinine, an effective preventative of malaria. Diseases such as yellow fever, sleeping sickness, leprosy, yaws, and most of all, malaria, made Africa a very challenging environment for Europeans.

There were compelling motives for Europe’s conquest of Africa. Raw materials were needed for the industries of the Industrial Revolution. The prestige of owning African colonies showed strength to rivals, and missionaries spread Christianity. This culminated in the Scramble for Africa among European empires in the 19th century, whether for raw materials, strategic prominence, or as part of an effort to develop enduring colonies.

That said, here’s our assortment… please enjoy! When you’re done perusing a map, just close it, and you’ll be back here.

Index

Colonial Africa Index | Society: European PrimaryChange | Religion: ChristianitySpirit ChurchesIslam in Africa: Jihad | Power: GovernanceEconomic and Social ChangeScramble for Africa: France and BritainResistance | Slavery: Trans-Atlantic Slave TradeKingdom of AsanteKingdom of Dahomey Kingdom of Kongo Kingdom of NdongoKingdom of OyoEnd to the Slave Trade | Pre-World War I | World War II | British Colonies | Challenge to Colonial Rule | Shaka ZuluIndependence Movements | Pan-Africanism | African National Congress | Economy | East Africa: Power: PolitiesProgression | Ethiopia: ReligionPower: RevivalDisintegration | Kenya | Central Africa | North Africa | Southern Africa: SocietyPower: ColonizationMoshoeshoe | West Africa



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