History of the Classical Era of Ancient Greece

History of the Classical Era of Ancient Greece

Experience the History of the Classical Era of Greece with WisdomMaps: The Future of the Past!


The Classical Era of ancient Greece existed in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE, from the fall of the last Athenian tyrant in 510 BC to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE. It followed the Greek Dark Ages and Archaic period and was followed by the Hellenistic kingdoms created by Alexander. Ancient Greece gained increased freedom from the Persian Empire, and democratic Athens flourished at its the peak. But the Peloponnesian Wars and the expansion of Macedonia under Philip II kept Greece in turmoil. In terms of art, architecture, and culture, the Classical period corresponds to most of the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Much of its early politics, artistry in architecture and sculpture, its scientific thought, its theatre and literature, and its philosophy was foundational for Western civilization, and went on to have a powerful influence on the later Roman Empire. The Classical era ended when Philip II unified the Greek world against the common enemy of the Persian Empire, which was conquered a few years later by Alexander.

sample map

Here’s a look…

… and here’s a look at what you’re missing. 😕 Subscribe now for access to the entire WisdomMaps collection: more than 3,000 mind maps on all the world’s history and cultures. It’s the best education you’ve never had!

We Invite You to Visit Our Companion Site HawaiiInside.Info • Hawaii’s Inside Story!


Classical Era IndexCultureArtsArchitecture: AcropolisAtticaTemple of ZeusErechtheionLysippus of SikyonMausoleum of MausolusParthenonPraxitelesSkopasTemples: Fourth CenturyFifth CenturyThird Temple of Artemis | Reconstruction of Athens | Drama: Aeschylus: Plays | Aristophanes: Comic DramaPlaysRadicalsAthenian DramaComedyDionysian Theatre: ActingAudiencesPerformancesTheaters | Euripides: The PhilosopherPlays A-EPlays F – ZExile | Sophocles: PlaysTragedy: Choruses | Prime MoversSourcesLiteratureComedyHistoriography: HerodotusThucydidesXenophonOdesMusicDanceInstruments | Painting: Fourth CenturyPolygnotus of Thasos | PhilosophyEarly Philosophy: Aristotle: The PhilosopherThe TeacherThe Statesman | Plato: The AcademyBeliefsThe ArtistThe Lawmaker The MetaphysicistThe MoralistThe Utopian | Socrates: The PhilosopherThe TeacherDeath | Philosophy and Religion: EmpedoclesIdealistsMaterialistsPythagorasSophism: AthensHippias of ElisProtagorasLegacy | Philosophy and Science: ArchytasDioclesEudoxusGeographyHeraclides of Pontus | Pottery: Vases | Rhetoric: Athenian OratorsIsocrates: Discourses | Apex | Politicians | Sculpture: Fifth Century BCE and Older Fourth Century | Science and Technology: Prime Movers Astronomy: Anaxagoras | Earth Sciences | Mathematics: ArithmeticGeometryMedicineAnatomy and PhysiologyHippocratesSecular Medicine Surgery

Classical Era: Index


Culture: Arts


Architecture: Attica

Up to Index

Architecture: Erechtheion

Architecture: Lysippus of Sikyon

Up to Index

Architecture: Temples

Temples: Fifth Century BCE

Temples: Fourth Century BCE

Temples: Third Temple of Artemis

Up to Index


Culture: Drama

Aeschylus: Plays

Drama: Aristophanes

Aristophanes: Comic Drama

Aristophanes: Plays

Up to Index

Aristophanes: Radicals

Drama: Athenian Drama

Drama: Comedy

Dionysian Theatre: Acting

Dionysian Theatre: Audiences

Up to Index

Dionysian Theatre: Performances

Dionysian Theatre: Theaters

Drama: Euripides

Euripides: The Philosopher

Euripides: Plays A – E

Euripides: Plays F – Z

Up to Index

Euripides: Exile

Drama: Sophocles

Sophocles: Plays

Drama: Tragedy

Tragedy: Choruses

Tragedy: Prime Movers

Up to Index

Tragedy: Sources


Culture: Literature

Literature: Comedy

Literature: Historiography

Historiography: Herodotus

Historiography: Thucydides

Up to Index

Historiography: Xenophon


Culture: Music

Music: Dance

Music: Instruments


Culture: Painting

Up to Index

Painting: Fourth Century BCE

Painting: Polygnotus of Thasos


Culture: Philosophy

Philosophy: Early

Up to Index

Aristotle: The Teacher

Philosophy: Plato

Plato: The Academy

Plato: Beliefs

Plato: The Artist

Up to Index

Plato: The Lawmaker

Plato: The Metaphysicist

Plato: The Moralist

Plato: The Utopian

Socrates: The Philosopher

Up to Index

Socrates: The Teacher

Socrates: Death

Philosophy: Philosophy and Religion

Philosophy and Religion: Idealists

Philosophy and Religion: Materialists

Up to Index

Philosophy and Religion: Pythagoras

Philosophy and Religion: Sophism

Sophism: Athens

Sophism: Hippias of Elis

Sophism: Protagoras

Sophism: Legacy

Up to Index

Philosophy and Science

Philosophy and Science: Archytas

Philosophy and Science: Diocles

Philosophy and Science: Geography

Philosophy and Science: Heraclides of Pontus

Up to Index


Culture: Pottery

Pottery: Vases


Culture: Rhetoric

Rhetoric: Athenian Orators

Rhetoric: Isocrates

Isocrates: Discourses

Up to Index

Rhetoric: Apex

Rhetoric: Politicians


Culture: Sculpture

Sculpture: Fifth Century BCE and Older

Sculpture: Fourth Century BCE

Science and Technology

Culture: Science and Technology

Up to Index

Science and Technology: Prime Movers

Science and Technology: Astronomy

Astronomy: Anaxagoras

Science and Technology: Earth Sciences

Science and Technology: Mathematics

Mathematics: Arithmetic

Up to Index

Medicine: Anatomy and Physiology

Medicine: Hippocrates

Medicine: Secular Medicine

Medicine: Surgery

Up to Index


Exit mobile version