Digital History of Ancient Greece
WisdomMaps: The Future of the Past
Experience our digital history of Ancient Greece with WisdomMaps!
From its origins in Crete and Mycenae, ancient Greece was a Mediterranean civilization that stretched from its Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BCE to the end of classical antiquity in AD 600. It comprised a loose collection of city-states and other territories that was unified but once, under Alexander the Great from 336 to 323 BCE.
After the collapse of Bronze Age Mycenae, Greek city-states began to form in the 8th century BCE, bringing in the Archaic period and the spread of Greek colonies throughout the eastern Mediterranean. This was followed by the age of Classical Greece from the Greco-Persian Wars to the 5th to 4th centuries BCE. The end of Greece’s Classical Era was immediately followed by the Byzantine period and the Early Middle Ages. But Greek civilization endured in the conquests of Alexander the Great that spread Hellenistic civilization eastward to Central Asia. The Hellenistic kingdoms were in turn conquered by the Roman Republic, and large parts of Greece were annexed to the Roman Empire.
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Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy (think Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates), had a powerful influence on ancient Rome as it made is way throughout the Mediterranean and much of Europe. This is why Classical Greece is generally regarded as the cradle of Western civilization and all that West derives from Greece inof its foundational archetypes in politics, law, philosophy, science, and art.
Society | Culture | Religion | Power | Economy | Mycenae | Migration | Minoan Crete | Archaic Era | Heroic Age | Classical Era | Golden Age | Pericles | Alexander the Great | Second Athenian Empire | Hellenistic Kingdoms