Alexander the Great (Members Only)

Digital History of Alexander the Great

a key to global education: Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci

WisdomMaps: The Future of the Past


Experience our digital history of Alexander the Great with WisdomMaps!

Perspective


Alexander III of Macedon (356 – 323 BCE), known to history as Alexander the Great, was a king of the northern Greek realm of Macedon. He succeeded his father King Philip II to the throne at the age of 20, and spent most of his early years of rule carrying out a long military campaign from Anatolia to Egypt. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires in history that took him to northwestern India before turning back. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered to be one of history’s greatest and most audacious military commanders.

As a young man, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle. When his father Philip was assassinated in 336 BCE, Alexander assumed the throne of the Kingdom of Macedon. After destroying a hotbed of opposition in the city of Thebes, Alexander made himself governor-general of Greece. He then set out to realize his father’s dream of uniting all Greeks in war on Persia.

Alexander invaded the Persian Achaemenid Empire in 334 BCE and began a campaign of revenge and conquest that lasted a decade. He broke Persia’s military spine in a series of decisive battles that overthrew King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire completely. Now, his own empire stretched from Greece to India. Alexander had aspired to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea” when he invaded India in 326 BCE. His objective seemed to be within reach when he defeated King Porus and his war elephants at the Battle of the Hydaspes on the banks of the Indus River. But shortly afterwards, his troops mutinied and demanded they return to Greece. After a dreadful march through the Gedrosian Desert, they reached Babylon, where Alexander planned to establish his capital. But he died there, partly because of alcohol poisoning, in 323 BCE. He never realized his planned invasion of Arabia. Alexander failed to name a successor, and soon after his death, his empire was sundered by civil war.

Alexander’s legacy includes the diffusion of Greek culture through the Hellenistic kingdoms spawned by his conquests, and their religious syncretism of Greco-Buddhism and Hellenistic Judaism. More than twenty cities carried his name. The most famous of these was Alexandria in Egypt, a settlement of Greek colonists that spread Hellenistic civilization throughout the Roman Empire. Alexander was a seen as a classical hero in the manner of his own hero Achilles, and he assumed an outsized role in the history and myth of Mediterranean and Near Eastern cultures.

That said, here’s our assortment… please enjoy! When you’re done perusing a map, just close it, and you’ll be back here.


Index

Macedonia: Power | Philip: ArmyUnification | Alexander: Childhood | Rebellion: Asia MinorGreeceThebesAftermath | Campaign: AsiaInceptionHephaestionAttack on the Persian EmpireSeditionCentral AsiaCultural FusionIndiaReturn to GreeceDemise | Legacy



Up to Index

Up to Index

Up to Index


Our Courses

%d bloggers like this: