1800-1850 (Members Only)

Digital History of the West 1800 – 1850

a key to global education: Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci

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Europe’s population grew by nearly half between 1800 and 1850, to some 150 million. Railroads fueled massive urbanization, and many urban populations reached a million or more during this time, London most of all. Vast stretches of Africa and Asia were explored, and the increasing availability of detailed maps of most of the globe expanded the worldview of the West. Liberalism became the salient political sentiment and reform movement in the West.

Slavery was on the way out. The successful slave uprising in Haiti caused Britain and France to attack and punish the Barbary pirates for their enslavement of Europeans. In Britain, the Slavery Abolition Act gave the British Royal Navy its mandate to end the slave trade on the high seas. In 1834, the British Empire became the first empire to abolish slavery. This added urgency to abolitionist sentiment in the United States and hastened the onset of the Civil War that would end slavery there.

The 19th century saw widespread settlement and urbanization in North America and Australia. Chicago and Melbourne in Australia, practically non-existent at the beginning of the 19th century, grew to become their nations’ second-largest cities. In the 19th century, approximately 70 million Europeans migrated to the United States, fleeing pervasive war, poverty, and lack of opportunity.

Here’s our assortment… please enjoy! When you’re done perusing a map, just close it, and you’ll be back here.


1800-1850 Index | Society: CrimeWomen | Culture: RealismRomanticism: ArtLiteratureMusic | Religion | Power: ProgressionIdeologyCongress of ViennaRevolutions of 1848 | Austrian Empire | Central Europe | England | France | Greece | Italy | Russia | Spain 

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